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BUTTERFLIES

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BRIMSTONE

This is probably the first and last butterfly seen each year, since it flies from February to November. In winter it hibernates as a butterfly (rather than a chrysalis) among ivy leaves. Favouring woodland, hedgerows and thickets, brimstones are attracted to wild flowers for nectar, and are the chief pollinator of primroses. They may be seen in England, Wales and parts of Ireland.

COMMA

The ragged outline of its wings has evolved to provide camouflage. Commas which have hibernated mate in spring, producing a first generation in July; these, in turn, produce a second generation in September and October. Found in England and Wales, they are frequent garden visitors who particularly like asters, buddleias and Michaelmas daisies.

COMMON BLUE

In midsummer, common blues are present throughout the British Isles. This is because their caterpillars feed on widespread plants such as clover. Females are usually brown, but also occur in a blue form. Two generations are produced every year, and each butterfly lives for about three weeks.

GREY-VEINED WHITE

The first brood flies at bluebell time in May and june; the second between July and september. widespread in the UK, they like damp meadows, wet fields, marshland and woodland edges.

HOLLY BLUE

From late March to mid-October holly blues flutter around looking for somewhere to lay their eggs; holly trees in spring and ivy bound hedgerows, trees and walls in summer are popular. Two generations are born each year. They are seen mostly in the south, especially in large old gardens.

LARGE WHITE

Its popular name "Cabbage White" refers to the large and small whites; both lay their eggs on cabbages. There are two generations of large whites each year - from April to June, and July to September. Females have black spots.

MEADOW BROWN

Britains most common butterfly has prominent false eyes to frighten predators, yet it is often caught and eaten by birds. Unusually, the female is brighter and larger than the male. Plentiful on roadside verges, rough areas and meadows, they live for about a month.

ORANGE TIP

Males are often seen in May and june patrolling their territories along river banks and ditches; females move further afield looking for plants on which to lay their eggs. Orange tips are common in the south, although they are extending northwards, and are scattered in Ireland.

PAINTED LADY

Every May and June, painted ladies migrate here from south-west Europe and North Africa - more than 600 miles! Air speed is about 8 to 10 miles per hour. They seek nectar and settle on many wayside and garden flowers. They cannot survive British winters.

PEACOCK

Peacocks live from about July to the following May. Their false "eyes" deter predators. in June, the black hairy caterpillars are conspicuous on nettle leaves, while in late summer and autumn the butterflies feed on buddleia, ice plants and even rotten fruit. They are widely distributed in Britain, except in the north of Scotland and Orkney.

RED ADMIRAL

Red admirals begin to arrive here from the continent in May and produce the eggs which give rise to a resident generation in the summer. It takes 17 days for the caterpillar to transform into a butterfly and emerge from its chrysalis which hangs under a nettle leaf. Red admirals are found all over Britain, in the countryside and in gardens.

SMALL TORTOISESHELL

In summer this very well-known and widespread species flocks around buddleias and ice plants in gardens, and on hardheads and thistles in the wild. Eggs are laid in May underneath nettle leaves. Winter hibernation is often spent in houses - in odd corners - or in garages and sheds.

SMALL WHITE

Summer chrysalises hatch in about three weeks; autumn ones live through winter to produce next years generation. Found all over the British isles.

SPECKLED WOOD

Its speckled wings offer ideal camouflage in the dappled southern English woodlands where it is most common. It is also found in Ireland and north west Scotland. Suburban parks, commons, paths, hedgerows and large gardens are all places where you are likely to see this very territorial species. There are two to four generations each year.

THE WALL

Basking in the sunshine on plants, rocks or walls - hence its name - is a favourite occupation of the wall. Males are fiercely territorial and patrol paths, hedgerows and fences looking for females and driving away intruders. Common in England and Wales, they are also found in southern Scotland and Ireland.

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Home Page |Club News |Photo Gallery 1 |Pests and Diseases |Fuchsia Articles |Friends or Foe |Pelargonium Articles |Books/Nurseries and Gardens |Photo Gallery 2 |Photo Gallery 3 |Photo Gallery 4 |Photo Gallery 5 |Hybridizing Fuchsia's |The Fuchsia Year |Lets Go Gardening & HortiPlex Garden Web |Photo Gallery 7 |Standard Fuchsias |Pesticides/Insecticides |Butterflies |Pelargonium Photo Gallery 1 |Pelargonium Photo Gallery 2 |Photo Gallery Index |Hints and Tips |Cuttings |Garden Visitors |Glossary |Hardy Fuchsia List |Species Fuchsia |The Pelargonium Year |Stopping and Timing |Fuchsia/Pelargonium Articles |Debby's Garden Links |Wild Birds (RSPB) |Photo Gallery 6 |Bonsai Garden |Carnivorous Plants |Garden Weeds |Poisonous Plants |Green Gardener |New Releases 2007 |New Releases 2008 |Contact Information for Fuchsia |Links for Fuchsia |Guestbook |Mail Form