GRANGETOWN IN TIMES PAST
St Marys School
Mick Traynor - Boer War Recruit + Others
Streets and Buildings
World War One 1914 -18
Parish, Priests and Processions
Street Stories + Characters
1925 Ladies Parish Outing + More
A Tale from the Duckie + other stories
World War Two 1939 - 45
Messages from Home & Abroad
Shops and Shopkeepers
The World of Work
Upstairs and Downstairs...
The Board School
Pochin Road Infants School
Leisure & Sports
Grangetown Boys' Club
Sir Wm Worsley School
Maps, Plans & Aerial Photos
St Peter's Senior School
St Matthew's Parish
Eston Grammar School
Trolley Buses TRTB
Grangetown Methodist Church
Contact Information for Grangetown in Times Past
Links for Grangetown in Times Past
1881 AND ALL THAT !!
| GRANGETOWN OR 'CARDBOARD CITY'
as our friends from Slaggy Island called us -presumably after the building of the numerous prefabs after the second world war - actually began a little earlier than 1881; but the erection of the notorious eight streets of Bessemer, Vaughan, Stapylton, Laing; Holden, Wood, Vickers, Cheetham, ( almost sounding like a rhyme from Trumpton ) which held thousands of ironworkers originally travelling from all parts of the country and beyond, was begun in this year.
I was actually born in Laing Street and lived in Holden St until I was 10. My parents were born in Vaughan Street and my father's grandparents who died very young, lived in Bessemer Street practically on top of the fumes themselves.
So my great interest has always been in the lives of the workers and their families especially in the early days. I've heard great stories from family members and some have even written some for radio...all of them humorous with a touch of pathos.
But the discovery of old family photographs in those early days, of proud, intelligent faces staring out from the past, has always inspired a curiosity that searches for more information about these hard times, when our small town community was first blended together into a strange mixture of humanity much like the process which all workers were subject to, under their first masters of industry Bolckow and Vaughan. J.O'Neill
1865 1st Jan Bolckow,Vaughan & Co formed: Dirs.-Whitworth,Pochin,Laing
1877 Bolckow,Vaughan & Co’s Eston Steelworks opens
1879 Strike at Eston's Bolckow Vaughan's Works: 150 sacked: Great hardship experienced.
1881 The Building of the Eight Streets begins.
1882 1st Nov Building A New Town : Daily Exchange...full story
1882 6th May Phoenix Park Murders Dublin
1883 20th Jan Disturbances near Cleveland Hotel.
1883 3rd Feb The Pheonix Park Trial - Jim Carey ( informer), Joe Brady + six
1883 5th Feb Rent Agitation At Grangetown & South Bank..DE
1883 1st June BLACKLEGS - paid at old rate hooted at - stones thrown at houses
1883 5th June Grangetown STARVING - plea to South Bank Grocers-rolley
1883 6th July Intimidation of Bob Maulson by sacked fireman - given two months
1883 15th July First Service at St Matthews Tin Church - Charles Wilcox of Eston
1883 14th Sep SHEBEENING in 19 Holden St and Wood St Geo Price Mrs Foley
1883 Grangetown Cycle and Sports Stadium built.
1884 18th Jan Wages Question at Eston Steelworks 5% reduction?
1884 21st Apr Faction Fight with Eston Miners Grangetown Hotel
1884 23rd Apr No Irish Need Apply: Eston Mines.... DE
1884 28th May Local Board of Eston created
1884 16th June Eston Hospital Opens - employees of BV.miners, stlworkers DE
1884 26th June Ancient Footpaths discussed to stop traffic thro Works
1884 1st July First patient at Eston - Samuel Plews Miner of Nby - DE
1884 2nd July Quarter Sessions: re Police Station to be built..£900 - DE
1884 4th July Prize Fighting - Trespass by Geo Winter and John Ward - + 100 spect DE
1884 The Board School built.
1885 11th Sep Canon Holland South Bank- responsible for St Peters + St Mary's chapel Grangetown
1885 Opening of St Mary’s School + Chapel
1885-6 Erection of Town Hall Buildings Whitworth Road
1887 The Board School Register of Girls 1887-1914 (2000 pupils)
1887- 20/21st June: Queen Victoria's Golden Jubilee Celebrations
1889 Parish divided into 3.
1891 First Census for Streets
1892 MEASLES outbreak Feb - April (St Mary's School closed March 1st) Heavy mortality rate
1892 Miners STRIKE - Steelworkers affected - Hardship abounds
1893 TYPHUS epidemic in Grangetown: 31 cases notified: Vaughan Street 1-12 becomes hospital.
1893 8th Dec John Carey aged 33 dies in Eston Mines ....NED Gazette
1894 New Isolation Hospital completed in Church Lane; Mrs Smith appointed Nurse Matron.
1894 Two Eston UDC & Gtown + South Bank (Normanby)
1897 22 June: Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee Celebrations
1898 SMALLPOX Epidemic - 6 Vaughan St Houses used
1899 28th Oct St Matthews Church Foundation Stone laid by Marquess of Zetland
1901 Birth of Horace King in Vaughan Street (Lord Maybray King)
1901 Queen Victoria dies - Longest reigning monarch in history
1901 Replaced by son King Edward VII - Edwardian era begins
1902 1st Feb St Matthews Church dedicated by Bishop of Sheffield
1905 St Mary’s Church opened - Rev B Kelly clerk of works
1906 Pochin Road Infant School opens
1910 Edward VII dies of pneumonia
1911 22nd June Coronation of King George V - Sports Day & Celebrations
1913 - July 24th - Cllr. Brown Triumphs against Mbro Extension Bill (Grangetown defeats Boro!)
1914 - July 29th: Donation of Market Square to Grangetown by Bolckow,Vaughan & Co.
1914 - August 4th Outbreak of World War One - Recruitment Fervour
Cleveland House becomes a Naval Hospital during the War.
1915 April 7th - Eston Urban District Council established
1917 June : King George V visits Smith's Dock
1918 June - July : Spanish flu epidemic hits area
1918 Nov 11.11 End of War - Great Casualties - See Monument
1918 Right To Vote for Women Over 30
1920 Cleveland House becomes Council Offices
1921 Census population over 7000
1921 April 1st National Coal Strike
1921 Building of Trunk Rd to Redcar Begins
1922 IRA blow up Records Office - Census Records destroyed.
1924 Public access to Hills after EDC buys 400 acres for recreational purposes
1926 General Strike
1928 Equal Voting Rights for Women
1928 North Steel Plant Closed
1929 New Owners Dorman, Long & Co replace Bolckow, Vaughan & Co
1930 Carnival House Raffle by British Legion
1933 Visit of Prince George to see Self Help Programme of Work?
1936 Lyric Cinema Opens
1937 North Steel Plant Re-opened by Dorman Long & Co
1937 Coronation of King George V1 + Queen Elizabeth
1939 Sep 3 Outbreak of World War Two
1939 Oct: Introduction of Identity Cards Rationing Begins
1940 Aug: Nine people in Grangetown killed in air raids
1942 Jan: Dornier Bomber crashes at Clay Lane
1942 June 5th: Delayed action bomb lands in St Peter's RC School
1945 End of War
1948 Rationing Ends?
1949 Eston Mines Close - Barnaby Moor cottages crumbling due to subsidence
1952 End of Identity Cards
1964 Tees Dock opened: £2m: 5 deepwater berths 600ft long
1968 Shell Oil Refinery established: £23m
1974 Eston joins Langbaurgh District of Cleveland County - No enthusiasm as rates increase.
Branch End in Olden Times
|Branch End - nicknamed "The Branch" is visible in the distance as your eye travels alongside the houses on the left once known as Stapylton Villas - we believe.
At the end of the road lay the Works Manager's House - Cleveland House.
Newspaper Stories 1881-1884
|20/01/1881 DAILY EXCHANGE
SERIOUS DISTURBANCE AT SOUTH BANK
Last Friday night about eleven o clock a serious disturbance took place between a large number of Irishmen and the police near the Eston Steelworks. The row commmenced by two young fellows who were making their way to Grangetown being set upon by a gang of men near to the Cleveland Hotel. Sergeant Watts and PC Hawksby were however near the scene and at once went towards the men and attempted to disperse them. This they refused to do and the officers took hold of Pat Brett to take him into custody when they were set upon and kicked and beaten severely. The sergeant seeing that they were likely to get the worst of the quarrel solicited the aid of the two young men who were first set upon whist a private messenger was sent off for more policemen. Acting Inspector Dowsland, Sgt Nicholson,acting-Sgt Moody and PC Andrews were speedily on the spot and were not long in having John Manix, Thomas Brett, Robert Pattinson, James McGuire, Michael Sullivan and Thomas Maloney in safe custody, some being apprehended for assaulting the police and others for attempting to rescue prisoners. Acting-Sgt Moody was struck by a large piece of slag which cut through the helmet and inflicted a severe wound on his head, which was dressed by Dr J Glen. Some of the prisoners also received wounds about the head during the melee, four of whom had to dressed by Dr Glen.some of the wounds having have three or four stitches put into them. The whole of the prioners were bailed out this morning by Acting Inspector Dowsland and were met outside the station-house by a large crowd. A man named Barry residing at the Branch had received a severe wound on the head which he alleges was given by some person in the row.
DAILY EXCHANGE NOV 1ST 1882
Building a New Town
On Monday afternoon last our reporter had an interview with one of the firm who have contracted to build the new town of Grangetown, a place which for rapid growth is probably without equal. Perhaps it would be more interesting to give the result of the visit in American fashion. Having had a walk round the place we adjourned to what was termed the office, but which would have been better named had it been called a wholesale ironmongery store, the following dialogue took place:
When you started this town were there any buildings?
Yes; 23 cottages.
These were of the same kind as those you are now building?
Yes; these were our pattern to go by, but we improved on them.
How many acres of land did you purchase?
We purchased about 22 or 23 acres, which does not include the brickyard.
What was the immediate reason for building this place; was it for the men employed in the steel works of Messrs Bolckow, Vaughan, and Co.?
Where had the people come from?
They came from Middlesbrough, North Ormesby, Lackenby, Normanby, and South Bank district.
When you have completed your undertaking how many streets will there be?
Well, there are only eight streets, or 16 half streets, with a main street running through the centre.
Containing how many houses?
Seven hundred and sixty-eight houses, exclusive of the shops.
When you commenced you were aware that it would be one of the largest building undertakings in England. And you are going to accomodate how many?
Between 5,000 and 6,000 people.
I think the firm numbers four persons.
Yes. Messrs, Lord, Carter, Wade and Company. The firm only numbers four.
You commenced the building about when?
On the 1st of April, 1881. The first houses we built in Vaughan-street. At different times I have made note of the different stages of the work which are I have made a note of the different stages of the work, which are:-
........... ....1881....... ......1882
............ ...Dec. 31.... April 1..July 1.. Oct 1
Houses finished.. 143... 228... 328... 418
Being plastered... 30... 50... 25.... 35
Being Slated........ 25... 25... 65... 70
Scaffold high...... 50... 25... 35... 0
Up to joist.......... 25... 25... 35... 70
Foundations in.... 25... 75... 100... 125
Shops Finished...... 0... 0... 5... 10
Shops commenced ... 0..... 0... 5... 5
Shops slated ........ 0... 0... 0... 5
The channel is laid with Scoriae bricks; the yards are also paved with the same material.
I did not observe any horses or carts?
No ; a remarkable feature in this large concern is that we have not a single horse or cart; lines of rails being laid in the streets, everything is brought to the door by the steam engine.
Have you any gas?
No; nor any arrangement been made for the place to be supplied with gas.
I have since learnt that the Normanby and Eston Gas Company, has received an order.from the Eston Watch and Lighting Committee to supply Grangetown with gas, it being in their district.
Where do you get your water from?
That is supplied by the Stockton and Middlesbrough Water Company.
I notice you have raised the cottages above the street.
Yes we put a two-foot foundation in, which we fill up with ashes and then they raise the floors about another foot from the street.
Under what Local Government are you?
The Middlesbrough Rural Sanitary Authority.
This Grangetown will be a great feeder for South Bank, I should think?
Yes, I should say so; the bulk of the goods are supplied from South Bank and. Middlesbrough. The principal traders, who supply the place are; Messrs. Hinton and Appleton - Middlesbrough; Sainty - Eston. Day, - North Ormesby, R Conway and the Cooperative Stores - South Bank.
How many men have you employed here?
Well, we have paid on an average for wages, about £250 per week.
What institutions have you?
We have none; neither a chapel nor a church, although the Primitives and Wesleyans are holding services in a cottage. There wants to be a Church, Primitive chapel, Wesleyan Chapel and a Roman Catholic Chapel.
At present you might call it a godless town then?
Yes, for we have no place of worship, reading room or school. The School Board however have a site at the south side for which plans have been prepared and are at present in London awaiting the approval of the Local Government Board.
You have no railway station?
No but; we anticipate having a station this side of the steelworks, to be called Grangetown.
There is no public house, I think?
No, but there will be one shortly.
Yet men, they can get drink, and are often seen reeling about the place.
A great amount of shebeening takes place.
How do they spend their Sunday?
By drinking and lounging about. The children are allowed to do as they would any other day. Of course there are exceptions.
How many policemen have you?
We have three; two have been here about three months, and one has just come; but this is not sufficient.
About how many bricks have you made here yourselves since you came?
Five millions at our brickyard in addition to those we have had to buy. We have got our ironmongery wholesale, the woodwork we have got from the lessees of the Cargo Fleet Timber Yard.
Of what nationality are the inhabitants?
They are principally Irish, but there are a great number of English and Welsh. Some of the inhabitants have gardens in which they devote their leisure time, others keep pigs, while one man, more given to saving than his fellow-workmen, has rented a small piece of land, and bought a couple of cows. I might say that in the original plan there is a church shown, but the land has not yet been allotted.
The access to the place is not good ?
No ; but they are making some plans for a sub-way, and another for a bridge. I do not know which will be adopted, but one of them is sure to be adopted.
What kind of drainage have you?
The place is well drained, the main drain emptying into the Tees. The drainage cost £2,000. We have a Post-office and a money-order office but no telegraphic communication.
This was the end of the conversation. If any of our readers would like to know anything further, we would advise them to visit this wonderful place for themselves.
July 7th 1883 DAILY EXCHANGE
INTIMIDATION AT GRANGETOWN
David Leary was charged with assaulting Robert Maulson at Grangetown on the 27th inst.. Mr JT Belk appeared for the prosecution and said that some time ago there was a dispute between Bolckow, Vaughan and Co and their firemen; the result being that the firemen ceased work. Bolckow Vaughan & Co in order to keep their works going, engaged other men to perform these services amongst others the prosecutor, Robert Maulson, who had previously been engaged by them as a labourer, and he went to work but was afterwards met by a number of the old firemen who used very intimidating language. He went into a shop for some tobacco and as he was coming out, without a word being spoken, Leary seized and felled and knocked him against the shop front very nearly breaking the windows. Plaintiff escaped and went into the shop. He submitted that it was a very serious offence indeed and it should be visited with the a very heavy penalty if proved to their satisfaction. Plaintiff was called and corroborated Mr Belk’s opening statement and the Chairman said it was a very serious case and it was not to be tolerated that men could could not work for whom at what wage they pleased.and sentenced him to two months hard labour in the House of Correction
William Thornton was charged by Henry Simpson labourer with a similar offence at Grangetown on the 27th inst. Mr JT Belk appeared in this case also and stated that it was not so serious a case as the last one being only an assault at law but was an assault committed under the same circumstances as the previous one. The Chairman said that there was no doubt he had in the previous case committed the assault but it was merely trifling viz putting his head on his shoulder. It was not so much the assault but the chief thing against him was that he had used intimidation against the man working. It was not to be thought of that men should not be allowed to work for whom they pleased in this country without intimidation and they felt obliged to send him to the House of Correction for one calendar month, with hard labour.
STEALING A SPADE
Margaret Leary was charged with stealing a spade the property of Messrs Bolckow, Vaughan & Co at Eston.................................
April 21st 1884 North East Daily News
FACTION FIGHT AT SOUTH BANK
A FIERCE AFFRAY
On Sunday afternoon a most disgraceful faction fight took place at Grangetown, South Bank. It seems that for a long time past a good deal of unkindly feeling has been growing up between the miners who live at Grangetown and their neighbours the sons of Erin. Matters in fact have recently reached such a serious state that Irishmen found it not only undesirable but practically impossible to work in the local mines.
Any unwary fellow who made his appearance underground was soon chivied out again. This has naturally had the affect of increasing the intense antagonism that previously prevailed between the parties. and it has been evident to those acquainted with the condition of things that the smallest spark would he sufficient to set the smouldering mass of animosity in ablaze. The spark was applied on Saturday afternoon and a tense outburst of party emnity followed at once. A number of Irishmen and miners, it appears, were drinking at the Grangetown Hotel, when the conversation casually turned upon the topic of nationalities. It is needless to say that the talk which took place was more emphatic than polite. Pat - the typical individual _ grew extremely excited. He swore and fumed pretty freely against his traitorous enemy and at length enforced his arguments with the aid of a pewter pot, which he hurled at the head of a miner. Another Irishman threw a glass. and the missile hit a man in the face, causing an ugly gash just about his right eye.
The little ebullition of warmth was promptly reciprocated by tho other party. In a moment the the taproom was a scene of the wildest excitement. The men struck and clutched and grabbed at one another like so many lunatics but the landlord's appearance on the scene of battle was the signal for a slight cessation of the fight, and eventually the whole of the combatants were turned into the street to settle their national differences. It is stated, however, that as soon as the Irishmen got into the street, they mysteriously disappeared, and could not be afterwards found. On Sunday hostilities were renewed with redoubled vigour and determination.
About half past two in the afternoon a miner was coming out of the Grangetown Hotel when the wife of an Irishman picked up a handful of dirt from the road and threw it in his face. This little incident created a roar of laughter among the crowd of Irishmen in the street, and brought out a swarm of lively warriors from the bar and tap_room of the public_house. The opposing forces were soon ranged on different sides of the hotel, throwing stones in showers and threatening each other with total extinction.
It was a perfect pitched battle for about half an hour. Some of the combatants were struck with stones and somewhat badly hurt upon the head and legs; but as far as we have been able to ascertain, the affray is not likely to terminate with very serious results. The local police
found themselves almost incapable of quelling the disturbance, in consequence of the numerical strength of the disturbers; but later in the day, a large contingent of constables was obtained from North Ormesby and also the assistance of Inspector Dowland. Nor was the police force strengthened a moment too soon. The miners, having in the early part of the afternoon got rather the worst of the battle-sent off for reinforcements, with the evident intention of giving the the Irish a most confounded licking.
Towards evening the road from the villages of Eston, Normanby and Lazenby were all alive with miners trudging on to Grangetown in the hope of having a lively scrimmage with Pat.
Every miner was armed with a trusty cudgel and many provided themselves with pockets full of stones. The fighting forces of the miners formed up in the market-place but the Irishmen evidently thought discretion was the better part of valour for they were nowhere to be seen. The miners paraded the town to the tune of See the Conquering Hero Comes and about eight o clock marched home again without having had the felicity of cracking the cranium of a single son of Erin.
21/4/1884 DAILY EXCHANGE
SERIOUS DISTURBANCES AT GRANGETOWN
A FREE FIGHT AMONG WORKMEN
On Saturday and Sunday, Grangetown was again the scene of a serious disturbance amongst the miners who work at at South Eston and the Irish who are engaged in the Eston Steelworks. For some time past there has been great emnity between the miners and the Irish, and on Saturday night some half a dozen Irishmen commenced a quarrel with a miner in the bar of the hotel.Some of the miner’s friends arrived a short time after and at a given signal the Irish caused the glasses to fly in all directions, one of the miners being badly cut. The police were sent for and succeeded in quelling the disturbance for a time but on the public-house being closed for the night, a great crowd adjourned to the Market Square and took sides, stones being thrownand fists used pretty liberally. Two Irishmen were so injured that they were unable to walk home. The police appeared on the scene and dispersed the rioters, when quiet was once more restored.
On Sunday afternoon, on the closing of the hotel, the disturbance commenced with renewed vigour and for a time the Irish were masters of the situation, but it was only momentary, for the miners rushed back and cleared the street. By this time there was a large body of police under Inspector Silversides and Acting-Inspector Dowland, who used their best endeavours to to prevent the rioters from damaging property; but their efforts were only partial; for the sections kept returning to the attackby throwing stones, breaking a number of plate glass window in Whitworth Road. The miners being determined to clear the street sent for their mining companions and the result was that some 400 miners marched into the streets in a body and completely cleared them of all the Irish inhabitants. A great many windows in private homes were broken as well as a greatt number of heads but fortunately there was no loss of life.
Friday 25/4/1884 North Eastern Daily Gazette
The Recent Disturbance At Grangetown
Five of the originators of the recent riot in Grangetown, South Bank, namely :-
Patrick O’Donald, Thomas O’Donald, Martin Norton, Michael Haley and Michael McGuiness were brought before the Middlesbrough County Magistrates this Friday afternoon charged with being disorderly and refusing to quit the Grangetown Hotel. It appeared from the evidence of the landlord that the defendants came into the hotel on Saturday afternoon and created a great disturbance. During the disturbance, glasses were thrown about pretty freely and the defendants refused to clear out when requested to do so. This row in the hotel gave rise to the subsequent riot in the town.
The Bench fined McGuiness 11s and 10s costs and each of the other defendants £2 and 9s costs. The alternative in each instance was one months imprisonment with hard labour.
In another case a female named Hannah Farrell was fined 5s and 11s costs with the alternative of fourteen days hard labour for being drunk and causing a disturbance at Grangetown by throwing a handful of mud and stones in the face of a man who was coming out of the Grangetown Hotel.
Researched by Jim White
Below is an acccount of these lively times in rhyme
by Gerald O'Neill
From river vale the Herculean infant sprung,
With feet of iron and limbs of steel among,
The myriad peoples who flocked at his behest,
And worked and slaved, from North, East, South and West,
To wrench, to smelt in Blast and Open hearth
The stone from deep in ancient Cleveland’s earth.
No previous towns had been so quickly raised,
To serve such Mines, Foundries and Furnaces,
No races mix had gathered so before,
Within the bounds of England’s favoured shores,
From Cornwall, Devon, Norfolk, Wales and Lincoln,
Trekked Bullock, Snape, Ward, Robson and Trevillion.
They came to ferret under those well-known hills,
That newfound ore, the grist for Teesside Mills.
Those Iron seekers claimed the hinterland,
From Eston up to Loftus and beyond,
The rodent-riddled scarp its metal treasure yielding,
From that day on to Riverbank furnaces feeding.
All pits and plants were destined from the first,
To stay divided by their human quirks,
Whilst miners’ ore and steelmens’ hearth were blended,
The principals refused all common friendships tendered,
All interlopers denied those fetid caves,
Those burrows that claimed so many early graves.
Stay away from Eston! Leave our women alone!
Catholics not welcome! Go back to your home!
Don’t enter our mine, there’s no work down there,
For any papist would pollute the air.
All Micks’ forbidden don’t try to apply!
Those sayings postulated in days gone by.
In the nineteenth century of the year eighty four,
Things out of hand, feelings so sore,
Lines in the sand were drawn in one space
That centre for oratory, Grange Town market place,
Sporting a Gettysburg, a peerless public house
Its position so convenient and its inhabitants well soused,
Debate so high flown and argument brewed up,
In the saloon, snug and public bar of that pub,
Fuelled by Guiness’s stout and porter so lethal,
It made little men giants, and heroes of people,
With heads unhinged and tongues hung loose
Who before, wouldn’t dream of saying say shoo to a goose?
Loud were the dirges and patriot songs sung?
Many deities exhorted and flying fists flung,
There by both sides, with tempers unfettered,
Sporting cuts, bruises, lumps and limbs shattered.
Off times it was left to the good Doctor Glen,
To patch up the injured and pronounce the Amen.
The police tried measures of desperation,
To ensure a policy of separation,
For the two sides did adamantly strive,
To rabble rouse and keep those adverse flames alive,
Neither would ask for quarter or worse,
Nor would one ever leave the battlefield first.
The plods in number many times outfaced,
Retreated confused and broken heads graced,
Their uniforms and egos torn and tattered
Dreams of home, peace, and holidays shattered
By both miners and Irish, in conflicts so various,
They couldn’t pursue any other matters serious.
It happened one Saturday a situation flared,
When tankards were spilt and tempers were aired,
A discourse turned nasty on national factions,
And empty threats became violent actions.
Pat jumped to his feet and denounced John Bull,
Who, fist in face retaliated in full?
The immaculate decor of that Grangetown Hotel,
Resembled a scene out of Dante’s Hell,
The pewter and glass flying left, going right,
Like so many guided missiles in flight
One glass from Patrick so well aimed,
That an eye nearly put out left a John Bull maimed.
At a signal the barmen flung the doors wide
And with one mighty heave pushed the rivals outside,
To continue again the inglorious fight.
That same they kept going until late in the night.
From the entrenchments on both wings of the plain
Down from the sky the missiles fell as rain,
There was not one combatant spared
Injuries numerous, so many bones bared,
While policemen were helpless, static, bemused
They stood around aimless, spare, unused
Their numbers so few and reserves were such,
All they could offer was not very much.
Only the beginning! For all started again,
The very next day on Sunday p.m.
An intrepid female who’s name was Hannah,
Took up the cudgels and carried the banner.
To support the Irish and endorse the cause,
She looked for a way to gain some applause.
Constructing a pie of some gravel and muck,
She slung the same from out of the ruck,
With her cackle loud “Here’s mud in your eye”
An Eston miner took it full and bye,
He was covered all over with aggregate and clart,
From the top of his head right down to his arse!
He coughed aloud and mightily spluttered,
Such epithets coarse and foul threats uttered,
The Irish howled, so weak with laughter,
That miner vowed a payback after,
O Little Hannah what have you done?
A bigger battle has now begun.
That heavenly missile so well aimed,
Became the action that was named,
As the very same that proved the best,
To revive the scrap and re-start the contest,
Other warriors on that place converged
The battle resumed the fighters engaged?
The miners in the square full sharing,
Insults, stones and threats with men of Erin,
Looked to be on the receiving end,
So paged their other pitmen friends,
Who flocked there swift from every place?
Of surface work and mining face!
Four hundred knights and squires came down,
To ply support and paint the town,
With such a multitude, at the end of the mission
They cleared the streets of all opposition
Then sang aloud in harmonious tones,
“Behold the Conquering hero comes!”
The police reformed and tried like hell
With well tried methods that disturbance to quell,
Their efforts well meant but all in vain?
Till reinforced with more might and much main.
The new force determined to fulfil the role,
Of bringing that insurrection under control
Silversides and Dowland, with the force at their backs
Faced that fractious band about to attack
Their words sternly put “Go back to your homes,
And on your way leave those buildings alone!”
Their warnings too late for that unruly faction
All of the street windows put out of action!
The Irish outnumbered, discretely waited,
While the miners roamed round distinctly frustrated,
Their point well made by staying till eight.
Then one body triumphant they marched home that night.
The police so glad that no one had died
Arrested five rebels from the papist side.
Those perpetrators as an example were brought
The very next day to the magistrates’ court,
Hannah Farrell classed with McGuiness and Co
When all five defendants brought up from below
The men in question fined a five-pound note
Or a month’s hard labour for acting the Goat!
Poor Hannah pleaded disorderly drunk,
Her post Office savings decidedly sunk,
When the magistrate ordered sixteen bob for the booze,
Or fourteen days hard if she so choose.
That was the result of her gesture in fun,.
Remember next time Hannah to zip up your tongue?
All those contentious events were cast,
In Teesside during our ancestral past,
Today we’ve separated trees from the wood,
Peace and harmony reigns, as it should!
Our neighbours who we once suspected,
Are among the best friends we have collected?
So let us constantly remind the nation
About the previous altercation,
It matters not if the skin is not white,
Pay no heed to an accent not quite,
Sounding the same as his British brothers,
Under the skin it’s the same as all others
The infernal surface mills no less regarded,
Despite the odorous, death-dealing fumes afforded.
The Labourer’s job, Puddler and Furnace hand,
Were claimed by men from Ireland.
Sullivan, Mannix, Healey and O’Hearn,
Settled all hamlets from Darlington to Saltburn.
I saw my first light from those latticed streets,
Our quarters’ minute, sparse, of living comforts effete,
Created to contain all family specs,
With scant regard for number, Size or Sex,
They truly were of desirability illicit,
Their existence a slur on body, mind and spirit.
The Guardians overlooked us, all invading,
Their baleful, spewing presences, ever trading,
Such fateful fumes and ether-aimed clouds,
With life-saving winds and fresh breezes endowed,
Their curtailed lives our forebears claimed, enabling,
The generation new, a fresh agenda tabling
Our God-like infant came of age,
The day our ancestors engaged,
Their indomitable spirits to the test,
Of making us the world’s best,
For the steel from Bessemer’s process born,
Surpassed anything the world had ever known
Imprinting our fame on worldwide nations,
Over rifts, bays, straits and canyons,
By Bridges crossing, rivers roaring,
And framed buildings, heavenwards soaring,
To rails endless stretching across deserts and plains,
Adding ships wide-flung around worldwide lanes,
When sailing endless avenues geared,
The Teesside names on plate and girder seared.
Cleveland House and Grounds Map 1895
|1891 Census Records of Cleveland House
Franklin Hilton Head 46 Engineer & General Works Manager Head of Iron and Steelworks Whitefield Lancs
Ellen Hilton Wife 48 Sheffield
Elizabeth Gillbank 25 Servant Raskelf Yorks
Martha Sieman 23 Domestic Servant Lutton Lincs
Lizzie Salmon 16 Kitchenmaid Colchester
Here was a mansion fit for a king, which later became the offices of the Eston Urban District Council.
It has taken me sixty years to discover that the shrubs I stripped and shaped into bows and arrows in the forties were originally planted in the Works Manager’s front garden. Little did I realise the extent of his rear garden.
When I tore the branches from certain shrubs in in the forties to make a bow and arrows with lads like, Teddy and Barney Cann, Brian Turner,Tony and Baccy Collins... that I was plundering the gardens of the Works Managers of the past.
No wonder we were chased!
Aerial View of Cleveland House and Works 1938
|photo-courtesy of Corus Steel plc
Census Records for 1901
Cleveland Cottage McMorrin William Gordon Head M 28 Agricultural Lab (Domestic) Durham Sedgefield
Cleveland Cottage McMorrin Sarah Jane Wife M 23 Durham Sedgefield
Cleveland Cottage McMorrin Janet Gordon Daur S 3 Durham Sedgefield
Cleveland Cottage McMorrin James W Son S 7m Yorks Grangetown
Cleveland House Evans David Head M 59 Gen Manager Iron & Steel Wks Glamorgan Aberdare
Cleveland House Evans Jane Wife M 55 Glamorgan Merthyr Tydfil
Cleveland House Evans Evan D Son S 32 Civil Engineer Glamorgan Aberdare
Cleveland House Evans Janie A Daur S 27 Monmouthshire Rhynney(?)
Cleveland House Evans John Son S 20 Metallurgist Monmouthshire Rhynney(?)
Cleveland House Gates Rebecca Hskeeper Wid 63 Housekeeoer (Domestic) Glamorgan Maesteg
Cleveland House Davies Elizabeth Serv M 48 Laundress (Domestic) London Newgate
Cleveland House Jones Eliza Serv S 35 Cook (Domestic) Durham Sunderland
Cleveland House Gunter Laura Serv S 24 General Servant (Domestic) Durham Witton Park
Cleveland House Davies Elizabeth Serv S 18 General Servant (Domestic) Yorks Eston
Cleveland House Gray Eliza Serv S 16 General Servant (Domestic) Yorks South Bank]
Clevel'd Hse Stables Hudson John Wm Head M 28 Coachman (Domestic) Durham Hart
Clevel'd Hse Stables Hudson Mary E Wife M 30 Durham Lanchester
Clevel'd Hse Stables Hudson Gladys Marion Daur S 1 Yorks South Bank
Bolckow Terrace in Olden Times
|photo - courtesy of Dennis King
Bolckow Terrace on Eston Road - almost idyllic for Grangetown.
The following Census Records for Grange Town in 1881 do not include all - but include the earliest known recorded family names and their occupations. We must remember that the eight streets were only just being built.
We are not sure where these 23 cottages actually were - perhaps they were demolished to make way for the eight streets . Since they are numbered from 7 - 29, it would seem that 6 cottages have already disappeared.
A "Bolckow Terrace Nos 1-25" are already recorded in the 1881 Census so it seems unlikely that they are those cottages. Further investigation might reveal all.
It is interesting to note that GEORGE BULLOCK is the ONLY child to be registered as having been born in GRANGE TOWN in the 1881 census - although Eston is also mentioned in brackets alongside Grange Town – suggesting that Grange Town was a subsidiary of Eston itself – which it was.
Aged 7 months, George is living at No 9 Grange Town: yet a few doors away, at No 16, Mary Smurthwaite aged 4 months and at No 19, Mary Hardisty aged only 10 weeks, is stated as being born in Eston also. Isabella Ledgerwood, aged 2 years, and regarded by some as one of the first inhabitants of Grange Town is also recorded as an Eston birth. So it seems likely that the census recorder was more efficient in the case of George Bullock – or in fact the occupants of No 9 were more insistent on the correct nomenclature when they supplied the birthplace details for the 1881 census.
1881 CENSUS FOR GRANGE TOWN
||Iron works Labourer
||Iron works Labourer
||Iron works Labourer
||Iron Works Labourer
||Mine Filler at Blast Furnace
||Mine Filler at Blast Furnace
||Labourer at Steelworks
||Iron works Labourer
||Labourer at Steelworks
||Labourer at Steelworks
||Timekeeper Iron Works
||Labourer at Steelworks
||Keeper Blast Furnace
||Pupil Teacher RC School
||Keeper Iron Blast Furnace
||Carpenter + Joiner
||Son in Law
||Labourer in Iron Works
Bulmers's Trade Directory of 1890
Bridget Feeney (left), wife of Edward lived in No 13 Grange Town in 1881 aged 37.
She had four children:- Bridget aged 13 born in Dowlais Wales,
Edward aged 8 born in M'bro,
Andrew aged 5 born in M'bro and
Hannah aged 17 born in Dowlais, married to William Lahey an Iron Works labourer aged 23 who was born in Ferryhill Co. Durham.
Directory of 1890 - courtesy of Colin Hinson of Genuki pages
GRANGETOWN is another rapidly increasing place in the township, but included for parliamentary purposes in the borough of Middlesbrough. Almost the entire population is employed in and about the extensive works of Messrs. Bolckow, Vaughan & Co., Limited.
Here are the offices of the Eston District Local Board, erected in 1885-6, from the designs of Mr. T. W. Stainthorpe, C.E., the district surveyor.
The Mechanics' Institute is a handsome red brick building with stone dressings, situated at the east corner of the spacious market square. The site was presented by Bolckow, Vaughan & Co., and the entire cost of the building (£1,200) has been generously borne by James Eadie, Esq., who has likewise undertaken to defray the whole expense of furnishing and fitting up the interior.
The church of St. Matthew is a temporary iron structure attached to the parish church, and served by the Rev. R. Bee, who is the curate in charge.
The Catholics have a school chapel in Bolckow road; but contemplate the erection of a suitable edifice on the adjoining plot of land, which has been secured for the purpose.
The Wesleyan and Primitive Methodists have also chapels here.
The Board Schools form a plain but useful block of buildings, with accommodation for 900 scholars. Mr. John Moss, master; Miss Duncan, mistress; Miss Alexander, infants' mistress.
Post, Money Order Office, and Savings Bank, 2 Whitworth road. Samuel France, postmaster. Deliveries - 6-20 a.m. and 5-55 p.m. Despatches - 11-10 a.m., 5-40 p.m., and 8-10 p.m.
Miscellany of trades
Allsop Ralph, watchmaker, 5 Whitworth road
Angers Robert, shoemaker, 29 Whitworth road
Avon Francis, confectioner, 18 Whitworth road
Bee Rev. Robert, curate, 12 Whitworth road
Bilton John, hairdresser, 25 Whitworth road
Bland Anthony, shopkeeper, 59 Whitworth rd
Brown Robert, shopkeeper and general dealer, 46 Whitworth road
Carr Joseph, butcher, 42 Whitworth road
Daniels Benjamin, fruiterer, 21 Whitworth rd
Durbin Joseph, fruiterer, 28 Whitworth road
Easby Joseph & Thomas, paperhangers and house decorators, 41 Whitworth road
Ellis John Wm., shoemaker, 22 Whitworth rd
Ephgrave Joseph, grocer, tea dealer, &c., 24 Whitworth road
Eston Local Board Office, Bolckow and Whitworth roads
France Samuel, postmaster, 2 Whitworth road
Glen John, M.B., physician, 1 Whitworth road
Grangetown Working Men's Institute, 31 Whitworth road
Green Charles, car proprietor, 54 Stapylton st
Hall Joseph, grocer, 40 Whitworth road
Hardisty John, newsagent, 17 Whitworth road
Johns Edward, greengrocer, 19 Whitworth road
Kay Gavin, confectioner, 27 Whitworth road
Kemp William, earthenware dealer, 82 Whitworth road
Kendra Thomas James, pawnbroker, 88 Whitworth road
Leaf William, general dealer, 48 Whitworth rd
Lowes Ralph, general draper, 33 Whitworth rd
Mackay Dnl., Grangetown Hotel, Whitworth rd
Maxwell Christopher, pork butcher, 15 Whitworth road
Mechanics' Institute, Market square
Middlesbrough Co-operative Society (No. 7 branch), 4 Whitworth road
Nicholson Michael, draper, 30 Whitworth road
Nolan Rev, Jas. J. (Catholic), 7 Whitworth rd
O'Riordan Timothy, M.D,, 21 Whitworth road
Peacock Matthew, china and hardware dealer, 23 Whitworth road
Pickrell John, butcher, 20 Whitworth road
Powell Miss Eliza, dressmaker and milliner, 10 Whitworth road
Raine Philip, grocer and tea dealer, 47 Whitworth road
Robinson James, shoemaker, 26 Whitworth rd
Sanderson William, butcher, 34 Whitworth rd
Smith Edward, shopkeeper, 51 Whitworth road
Smith William, pork butcher, 39 Whitworth rd
Starr-Bowkett Building Society, 3 Whitworth rd
Swales John, grocer, 49 Whitworth road
Sykes Joseph, shoemaker, 36 Whitworth road
Tarbit George, grocer, 43 Whitworth road
Turner Albert, butcher, 44 Whitworth road
Volunteer Fire Brigade Station, Local Board offices, Whitworth road ; Robert. Green, captain; Samuel Piggales, secretary
Weddle Wm., chemist and druggist, 52 Whitworth road
Wells Thomas, baker, 16 Whitworth road
Wilkinson Hugh, draper, 45 Whitworth road
Wilson John, provision dealer, 35 Whitworth rd
Woffenden Wm. & Son, grocers and provision merchants, 14 Whitworth road
Scan, OCR and html by Colin Hinson. Checking and correction by Peter Nelson.
[Last updated at 09.42 on Saturday, 07 December 2002, by Colin Hinson. ©1999]
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