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Yearby Village History

Redcar and Cleveland BC Conservation Area Appraisal

Aerial photo of Yearby -date unknown

Showing Home Farm before conversion

Extract from the Cleveland Village Book Relating to Yearby

From the Cleveland Village Book 1991 © Cleveland Federation of Women's Institutes



In Mr Ord's fact finding tour of 1846, Yearby, in the parish of Kirkleatham is described as 'a small hamlet scarcely deserving any separate notice'. Further investigation however shows this tiny hamlet to have had an interesting and sometimes controversial history.

In the early to mid 1700s Sir Charles Turner of Kirkleatham Hall did much to improve living and agricultural conditions in the surrounding area. Finding most of the cottages in Yearby to be 'wretched hovels, placed every where except in convenient positions' he built new cottages in brick and tile and placed them round an open space in the most attractive manner, including shops and dwellings for the tradespeople. Records tell us that the district at that time was 'much pestered with a collection of little blackguard ale houses which encouraged idleness and drunkenness among the villagers and were the haunts of the smugglers who frequented the coast'. Charles Turner demolished these and built two new inns, one being situated close to Yearby.

There was a school in Yearby before 1840 which was supported by the local manor for the sum of £291 5 shillings per year, where 35 to 40 children were taught reading, writing and arithmetic. Records in 1861 give details of three boarders — the youngest a mere three years of age.

During restoration work in 1976 to convert the school-house into a private dwelling, a ten ft well was discovered under the floor boards. Research found the well had quite a history. At the end of the 19th century when an epidemic of enteric fever swept Teesside, due to the population drinking polluted water from the river Tees, the villagers of Yearby were kept free from sickness because they had their own supply of fresh water direct from this and other wells in the village.

A strange and unexplained fact came to light in the census of 1841: although there were only 36 houses (three unoccupied) and 153 inhabitants, there were no less than twelve shoemakers! It is amusing to note that on census day one Charles Emmerson was not at home (it was Stokesley races and quite a number of Clevelanders were away when the enumerator called).

Yearby hit the headlines in 1954 when fragments of two pottery vessels (representing the coarse tableware of the late 17th century) were uncovered during ploughing at Yearby Farm. These were found to contain 1,197 assorted silver coins dating from 1551-1697. An inquest held in Redcar the following week declared the find to be treasure trove and the coins are now in the British Museum.

An interesting but unproved theory as to why the coins were there centres around a pigeon cote (now preserved as a building of architectural and historic interest). The cote was used to breed pigeons for shooting, a very popular sport of bygone days. At such sport the landed gentry from miles around gathered and heavy drinking and gambling took place. The pot could have been a 'kitty' - stolen by a thief who hid it under the hedge and perhaps did not dare return for it or couldn't find it.

The cote would have housed hundreds of pigeons; and as well as pigeon being a delicacy for the table, people were known to have travelled from miles around to obtain the dung, which was good for the land and was also used in the tanning of upper leather for shoes, and indeed formerly saltpetre was collected from it.

Controversy came to thousand year old Yearby in 1973 when the then Teesside Council decided to make Yearby a smoke free zone. Objectors attempted to uphold the ancient right (dating to the times when Yearby was surrounded by forest) of villagers to burn log fires on their inglenook fireplaces, but although over 6,000 deeds regarding Yearby and its peculiar rural area perks were found in archives at Northallerton, they did eventually lose their appeal.

More publicity for Yearby came in 1982 when a local hermit was evicted from a 'mine shaft' in Yearby woods. In fact though the structure did resemble the entrance to a drift mine it was in fact an old ice house (probably built to serve the Turners of Kirkleatham Hall) and by the mid 1850s had already acquired some age. Such buildings were designed to hold large quantities of ice and snow and could store meat for several months. It was probably situated at that spot as it was quite close to the Yearby fish ponds. It is thought that the building could have been used at a later date as an explosives magazine for the nearby Dunsdale ironstone mine but this is not confirmed

Modern day Yearby, once mainly agricultural, now has only one active farm and has become increasingly residential. It consists of two rows of houses with long front gardens, extending to the road, which has a pavement of diamond patterned scoria blocks. Although adjacent to a busy main road and in very close proximity to the giant ICI chemical complex, Yearby retains a tranquil old world charm. It became a conservation area in 1974.


Derivation of Place Name (A.H.Smith Place Names of the North Riding )

1174 Uverby 1270 Overby 1579 Ureby 1609 Uirerby
1615 Eureby
Mixed name both Old English (Anglo-Saxon) and Norse (Viking)
Ufera-byr ufera OE ‘upper’ ‘byr’ Old Norse ‘farmstead’
Probably the ‘Upper farmstead’ within the Kirkleatham parish

Yearby Village Census 1881

William ROBINSON M 23 M Lincoln, England
Rel: HeadDwelling: Yearby School House
Census Place: Kirkleatham, York, England
Source: FHL Film 1342167 PRO Ref RG11 Piece 4843
Folio 107 Page 1
Marr Age Sex Birthplace
Joseph James JONES M 35 M Liverpool, Lancashire,
England
Rel: Head
Occ: Schoolmaster
Eliza JONES M 38 F London Aldgate, London,
Middlesex, England
Rel: Wife
Walter CRANE U 15 M London Hoxton, London,
Middlesex, England
Rel: Nephew
Occ: Scholar
===============================================================
Dwelling: Yearby
Census Place: Kirkleatham, York, England
Source: FHL Film 1342167 PRO Ref RG11 Piece 4843
Folio 107 Page 1
Marr Age Sex Birthplace
Robert RICHARDSON M 52 M Ayton, York, England
Rel: Head
Occ: Laborer On The Highways
Esther RICHARDSON M 52 F Yearby, York, England
Rel: Wife
Robert RICHARDSON U 20 M Yearby, York, England
Rel: Son
Occ: Farm Laborer
George RICHARDSON 13 M Yearby, York, England
Rel: Son
Occ: Scholar
Margaret A. RICHARDSON 9 F Yearby, York, England
Rel: Daur
Occ: Scholar
===============================================================


Dwelling: Yearby
Census Place: Kirkleatham, York, England
Source: FHL Film 1342167 PRO Ref RG11 Piece 4843
Folio 107 Page 1
Marr Age Sex Birthplace
Thomas BROWN W 85 M Coatham, York, England
Rel: Head
Occ: Retired Marine Engineman
===============================================================
Dwelling: Yearby
Census Place: Kirkleatham, York, England
Source: FHL Film 1342167 PRO Ref RG11 Piece 4843
Folio 107 Page 1
Marr Age Sex Birthplace
George BRIGGS M 35 M Northallerton, York, England
Rel: Head
Occ: Iron Miner
Hannah BRIGGS M 28 F Glaisdale, York, England
Rel: Wife
Charlotte A.C. BRIGGS 9 F Swainby, York, England
Rel: Daur
Occ: Scholar
Thomas W. BRIGGS 6 M Kildale, York, England
Rel: Son
Occ: Scholar
Hannah J. BRIGGS 4 F Kildale, York, England
Rel: Daur
===============================================================
Dwelling: Yearby
Census Place: Kirkleatham, York, England
Source: FHL Film 1342167 PRO Ref RG11 Piece 4843
Folio 107 Page 1
Marr Age Sex Birthplace
William ASKEW M 30 M Guisbrough, York, England
Rel: Head
Occ: Iron Miner
Emma ASKEW M 28 F Barnard Castle, Durham, England
Rel: Wife
Margaret ASKEW 9 F Guisbrough, York, England
Rel: Daur
Occ: Scholar
John ASKEW 8 M Yearby, York, England
Rel: Son
Occ: Scholar
George ASKEW 6 M Yearby, York, England
Rel: Son
Occ: Scholar
Mary ASKEW 4 F Yearby, York, England
Rel: Daur
Annie ASKEW 1 F Yearby, York, England
Rel: Daur
===============================================================
Dwelling: Yearby
Census Place: Kirkleatham, York, England
Source: FHL Film 1342167 PRO Ref RG11 Piece 4843
Folio 107 Page 1
Marr Age Sex Birthplace
John LOCKWOOD U 34 M Skelton, York, England
Rel: Head
Occ: Iron Miner
Martha LOCKWOOD 14 F Guisbrough, York, England
Rel: Niece
Joseph LOCKWOOD U 23 M Guisbrough, York, England
Rel: Brother
Occ: Taylor
===============================================================
Building: Yearby UNINHABITED
Census Place: Kirkleatham, York, England
Source: FHL Film 1342167 PRO Ref RG11 Piece 4843
Folio 107 Page 1
===============================================================
Dwelling: Yearby
Census Place: Kirkleatham, York, England
Source: FHL Film 1342167 PRO Ref RG11 Piece 4843
Folio 107 Page 2
Marr Age Sex Birthplace
Thomas EARL M 74 M Coatham, York, England
Rel: Head
Occ: Joiner
Mary A. EARL M 72 F Yearby, York, England
Rel: Wife
Occ: Dressmaker
John EARL U 36 M Yearby, York, England
Rel: Son
Occ: Shoe Dealer
Ellen EARL U 32 F Yearby, York, England
Rel: Daur
William EARL 30 M Yearby, York, England
Rel: Son
Occ: Taylor
===============================================================
Dwelling: Yearby
Census Place: Kirkleatham, York, England
Source: FHL Film 1342167 PRO Ref RG11 Piece 4843
Folio 107 Page 2
Marr Age Sex Birthplace
Joseph SHARPE M 30 M Skelton, York, England
Rel: Head
Occ: General Laborer
Ellen SHARPE M 32 F Coatham, York, England
Rel: Wife
Jonathan SHARPE 7 M Coatham, York, England
Rel: Son
Occ: Scholar
Mary E. SHARPE 5 F Coatham, York, England
Rel: Daur
Occ: Scholar
Marget E. SHARPE 3 F Coatham, York, England
Rel: Daur
Joseph SHARPE 1 M Yearby, York, England
Rel: Son
Thomas SHARPE 2 m M Yearby, York, England
Rel: Son
Robert THWAITES U 36 M Coatham, York, England
Rel: Brother In Law
Occ: Joiner
Elizabeth THWAITES U 28 F Coatham, York, England
Rel: Sister In Law
Occ: General Servant
===============================================================
Dwelling: Yearby
Census Place: Kirkleatham, York, England
Source: FHL Film 1342167 PRO Ref RG11 Piece 4843
Folio 107 Page 2
Marr Age Sex Birthplace
John DENNIS M 38 M Guisbrough, York, England
Rel: Head
Occ: Master Shoe Maker
Sarah DENNIS M 34 F Ireland
Rel: Wife
John C. DENNIS 7 M Marske By Sea, York, England
Rel: Son
Occ: Scholar
Robert DENNIS 5 M Marske By Sea, York, England
Rel: Son
Occ: Scholar
Polly DENNIS 3 F Marske By Sea, York, England
Rel: Daur
Occ: Scholar
Sarah J. DENNIS 1 F Marske By Sea, York, England
Rel: Daur
William CUMMIS U 32 M Horington, Lincoln, England
Rel: Boarder
Occ: Journeyman Shoe Maker
===============================================================
Dwelling: Yearby
Census Place: Kirkleatham, York, England
Source: FHL Film 1342167 PRO Ref RG11 Piece 4843
Folio 107 Page 2
Marr Age Sex Birthplace
Ann BURTON W 71 F Saltburn, York, England
Rel: Head
Occ: Annuitant
George BURTON U 50 M Lazenby, York, England
Rel: Son
Occ: Master Joiner
Jane A. BURTON U 37 F Kirkleatham, York, England
Rel: Daur
William BURTON U 29 M Yearby, York, England
Rel: Son
Occ: Joiner
===============================================================

Dwelling: Yearby
Census Place: Kirkleatham, York, England
Source: FHL Film 1342167 PRO Ref RG11 Piece 4843
Folio 108 Page 3
Marr Age Sex Birthplace
Robert HEWSON M 41 M Leeming, York, England
Rel: Head
Occ: Iron Miner
Helen HEWSON M 35 F Edinburgh, Scotland
Rel: Wife
James EMMERSON 12 M Hartlepool, Durham, England
Occ: Scholar
James SINTON U 28 M Linthaugh, Scotland
Rel: Boarder
Occ: Weighman (I M)
===============================================================
Dwelling: Yearby
Census Place: Kirkleatham, York, England
Source: FHL Film 1342167 PRO Ref RG11 Piece 4843
Folio 108 Page 3
Marr Age Sex Birthplace
John PARNELL M 30 M Huntingdon, England
Rel: Head
Occ: Iron Miner
Eliza PARNELL M 34 F Rudland Moor, York, England
Rel: Wife
Elygah PARNELL 12 M Rudland Moor, York, England
Rel: Son
Occ: Scholar
William PARNELL 9 M Lad Moor, York, England
Rel: Son
Occ: Scholar
Thomas PARNELL 1 M Skelton, York, England
Rel: Son
===============================================================
Dwelling: Yearby
Census Place: Kirkleatham, York, England
Source: FHL Film 1342167 PRO Ref RG11 Piece 4843
Folio 108 Page 3
Marr Age Sex Birthplace
James BRIGGS M 37 M North Allerton, York, England
Rel: Head
Occ: Iron Miner
Rachel BRIGGS M 38 F London, London, Middlesex,
England
Rel: Wife
Edward C. BRIGGS 13 M Eston, York, England
Rel: Son
Occ: Scholar
Mary A. BRIGGS 10 F Glaisdale, York, England
Rel: Daur
Occ: Scholar
James W. BRIGGS 8 M Swainby, York, England
Rel: Son
Occ: Scholar
George H. BRIGGS 6 M Skelton, York, England
Rel: Son
Occ: Scholar
===============================================================
Dwelling: Yearby
Census Place: Kirkleatham, York, England
Source: FHL Film 1342167 PRO Ref RG11 Piece 4843
Folio 108 Page 3
Marr Age Sex Birthplace
Joseph STORROW M 81 M Yearby, York, England
Rel: Head
Occ: Retired Laborer
Susan STORROW M 71 F Romanby, York, England
Rel: Wife
Mary STORROW U 45 F Yearby, York, England
Rel: Daur
Occ: Dressmaker
Margarit E. SPENCE 4 F Marston, York, England
Rel: Grand Daur
===============================================================
Dwelling: Yearby
Census Place: Kirkleatham, York, England
Source: FHL Film 1342167 PRO Ref RG11 Piece 4843
Folio 108 Page 3
Marr Age Sex Birthplace
George BEST M 22 M Marsk By Sea, York, England
Rel: Head
Occ: Locomotive (RLY) Engine Driver
Elizabeth A. BEST M 19 F Lapton, Durham, England
Rel: Wife
===============================================================
Dwelling: Yearby
Census Place: Kirkleatham, York, England
Source: FHL Film 1342167 PRO Ref RG11 Piece 4843
Folio 108 Page 3
Marr Age Sex Birthplace
Thomas DALE M 30 M Newborough, Northampton,
England
Rel: Head
Occ: Iron Miner
Loweza DALE M 23 F Taunton, Somerset, England
Rel: Wife
Rosina DALE 2 F Northampton, England
Rel: Daur
Thom. (Twin) DALE 1 m M Yearby, York, England
Rel: Son
Harry (Twin) DALE 1 m M Yearby, York, England
Rel: Son
George PATTISON M 27 M Durham, England
Rel: Boarder
Occ: Platelayer
Elizabeth PATTISON M 19 F Taunton, Somerset,
England
Rel: Wife Of Boarder
Occ: Platelayers Wife
George PATTISON 1 M Northampton, England
Rel: Son of Boarder
Occ: Platelayers Son
===============================================================
Dwelling: Yearby
Census Place: Kirkleatham, York, England
Source: FHL Film 1342167 PRO Ref RG11 Piece 4843
Folio 108 Page 4
Marr Age Sex Birthplace
William HART M 49 M Norton, Durham, England
Rel: Head
Occ: Farm Laborer
Mary HART M 47 F Easington, York, England
Rel: Wife
William HART U 26 M Guisbrough, York, England
Rel: Son
Occ: Iron Miner
Hill HART U 21 M Yearby, York, England
Rel: Son
Occ: Iron Miner
Charles HART 12 M Yearby, York, England
Rel: Son
Occ: Scholar
Edward HART 10 M Yearby, York, England
Rel: Son
Occ: Scholar
Mary J. HART 8 F Yearby, York, England
Rel: Daur
Occ: Scholar
Lilly HART 5 F Yearby, York, England
Rel: Daur
Occ: Scholar
===============================================================
Building: Yearby UNINHABITED
Census Place: Kirkleatham, York, England
Source: FHL Film 1342167 PRO Ref RG11 Piece 4843
Folio 108 Page 4
===============================================================
Dwelling: Yearby
Census Place: Kirkleatham, York, England
Source: FHL Film 1342167 PRO Ref RG11 Piece 4843
Folio 108 Page 4
Marr Age Sex Birthplace
Occ: General Laborer
Emma ROBINSON M 20 F York, England
Rel: Wife
Occ: Dressmaker
William CAYTON U 18 M York, England
Rel: Brother In Law
Occ: Farm Laborer
===============================================================
Dwelling: Yearby
Census Place: Kirkleatham, York, England
Source: FHL Film 1342167 PRO Ref RG11 Piece 4843
Folio 108 Page 4
Marr Age Sex Birthplace
George BEATTIE M 44 M Whitby, York, England
Rel: Head
Occ: Iron Miner
Sarah BEATTIE M 43 F Moorsholme, York, England
Rel: Wife
Jane BEATTIE 14 F Sandsend, York, England
Rel: Daur
Occ: Scholar
William BEATTIE 12 M Sandsend, York, England
Rel: Son
Occ: Scholar
Lueosia BEATTIE 9 F Brotton, York, England
Rel: Daur
Occ: Scholar
Sarah BEATTIE 8 F Brotton, York, England
Rel: Daur
Occ: Scholar
Hannah BEATTIE 5 F Gruisborough, York, England
Rel: Daur
Occ: Scholar
George BEATTIE 2 M Yearby, York, England
Rel: Son
===============================================================
Dwelling: Yearby
Census Place: Kirkleatham, York, England
Source: FHL Film 1342167 PRO Ref RG11 Piece 4843
Folio 109 Page 5
Marr Age Sex Birthplace
Abia BAILEY M 55 F Lanhap, Gloucester, England
Rel: Head
Occ: Iron Miners Wife
Robert BAILEY 14 M Guisbrough, York, England
Rel: Son
Occ: Groom (ND)
Edward BAILEY 8 M York, England
Rel: Son
Occ: School
===============================================================
Dwelling: Yearby
Census Place: Kirkleatham, York, England
Source: FHL Film 1342167 PRO Ref RG11 Piece 4843
Folio 109 Page 5
Marr Age Sex Birthplace
James VIRGIN M 58 M Taunton, Somerset, England
Rel: Head
Occ: Iron Miner
Rosina VIRGIN M 57 F Taunton, Somerset, England
Rel: Wife
Frances J. WILLIAMS M 25 F Somerset, England
Rel: Daur
Occ: Excavators Wife
Tom VIRGIN 16 M Taunton, Somerset, England
Rel: Son
Occ: Iron Miner
Frances SALTINSTALL 1 F Manchester, Lancashire,
England
Rel: Gran Daur
Mary J. SALTINSTALL 1 m F Yearby, York, England
Rel: Gran Daur
===============================================================
Dwelling: Yearby
Census Place: Kirkleatham, York, England
Source: FHL Film 1342167 PRO Ref RG11 Piece 4843
Folio 109 Page 5
Marr Age Sex Birthplace
John G. JEFFERSON M 32 M Shotton, Durham,
England
Rel: Head
Occ: Iron Miner
Elizabeth JEFFERSON M 33 F Yearby, York, England
Rel: Wife
Mary E. JEFFERSON 4 F Yearby, York, England
Rel: Daur
William JEFFERSON 1 M Yearby, York, England
Rel: Son
===============================================================
Dwelling: The Home Farm Yearby
Census Place: Kirkleatham, York, England
Source: FHL Film 1342167 PRO Ref RG11 Piece 4843
Folio 109 Page 5
Marr Age Sex Birthplace
John BLACKBURN U 27 M Rufforth, York, England
Rel: Head
Occ: Farmer Of 200 Acres Employ 3 Laborers
Mary BLACKBURN M 68 F Moormonckton, York, England
Rel: Mother
Ralph STOCKDALE U 21 M Hamsterley, Durham, England
Rel: Farm Servant
Occ: Farm Servant (Indoor)
Robert W. BELL U 20 M Swainby, York, England
Rel: Farm Servant
Occ: Farm Servant (Indoor)
George HART U 15 M Yearby, York, England
Rel: Farm Servant
Occ: Farm Servant (Indoor)
Emma GARBUTT U 17 F Carlton, York, England
Rel: Servant
Occ: General Servant (Indoor)
===============================================================
Dwelling: The Home Farm Yearby
Census Place: Kirkleatham, York, England
Source: FHL Film 1342167 PRO Ref RG11 Piece 4843
Folio 109 Page 5
Marr Age Sex Birthplace
John WEBSTER M 41 M Newby Wiske, York, England
Rel: Head
Occ: Master Blacksmith Employ 1 Man 1 Apprentice
Ann E. WEBSTER M 41 F Sutton In Ashfield, York,
England
Rel: Wife
John BELL U 22 M Thornton Le Moor, York, England
Rel: Boarder
Occ: Journeyman Blacksmith
Thomas STROUGHTON U 18 M Guisbrough, York,
England
Rel: Boarder
Occ: Blacksmith Apprentice
Mary E. GARN U 15 F Northampton, England
Rel: Servant
Occ: General Servant




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